Long range ensembles are in agreement of a Rex Block setting up over the west coast of North America. The European ensemble set, shown above, projects negative height anomalies being positioned over the Pacific Northwest and southwestern Canada regions, with a corresponding positive height anomaly arising in northwest Canada and southeast Alaska. This is a classic example of a Rex Block, where negative height anomalies (low pressure) set up south of positive height anomalies (high pressure). To the east of this Rex Block, a few things can happen. If the low pressure system is angled correctly, negative height anomalies may stretch diagonally from the northeast of the low pressure system that is in the Rex Block. Another option is a zonal flow pattern, which means the jet stream is not wavy (in turn creating few opportunities for large-scale temperature anomaly patterns, negative or positive). The option we will most likely see in this situation is where the low pressure system in the Rex Block forces high pressure to set up downstream of the blocking pattern. In this case, the high pressure system would set up across south central Canada and the Great Lakes, as the ensemble set predicts above.
I expect this ridging pattern across south Canada and the Great Lakes to end roughly 3-5 days after it starts- this should not be a long-term event. The reasoning comes from an expected rising Pacific-North American index (PNA), which would allow for the departure of low pressure from the West, possibly shifting to the East. Remember that the negative PNA involves low pressure in the West and high pressure in the East, with the opposite true in a positive PNA. I have little doubt in my mind that the negative PNA we see in the projected teleconnection chart above is due to the negative height anomalies shown on the European ensembles image at the top of this post. On the right side of this image is the projected North Atlantic Oscillation over the next couple of weeks. The positive NAO pattern will be weakening to a neutral NAO, and could go to a negative NAO by the three week timeframe from today. The negative NAO encourages cooler conditions over the Central and East US, and the positive NAO we will be seeing in the next several days is a reason of why above normal temperatures are expected. The Rex Block pattern will not help matters.